Quick Answer: What Are Two Effects Of Water Pollution?

What are three types of water pollution?

Water Pollution Sources and Impacts Using this framework, the three main categories of water pollution are point-source, nonpoint-source and trans-boundary..

What are the 5 causes of water pollution?

Various Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Mining Activities. … Marine Dumping. … Accidental Oil Leakage. … The burning of fossil fuels. … Chemical fertilizers and pesticides. … Leakage From Sewer Lines.More items…

What are the effects of pollution on ecosystem?

For example: pollutants such as sulfur can lead to excess levels of acid in lakes and streams, and damage trees and forest soils; atmospheric nitrogen can reduce the biodiversity of plant communities and harm fish and other aquatic life; ozone damages tree leaves and negatively affects scenic vistas in protected …

What are the effects of water pollution?

In other words, it is toxic water that cannot be drunk or used for essential purposes like agriculture, and which also causes diseases like diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid and poliomyelitis that kill more than 500,000 people worldwide every year.

Where is water pollution the worst?

Eritrea: 80.7% lack basic water services.Papua New Guinea: 63.4% lack basic water services. … Uganda: 61.1% lack basic water services. … Ethiopia: 60.9% lack basic water services. … Somalia: 60% lack basic water services. … Angola: 59% lack basic water services. … Democratic Republic of the Congo: 58.2% lack basic water services. … More items…•Apr 8, 2020

What are the long term effects of water pollution?

If drinking water contains unsafe levels of contaminants, it can cause health effects, such as gastrointestinal illnesses, nervous system or reproductive effects, and chronic diseases such as cancer.

What are the major effects of pollution?

Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases.

What are 10 ways to reduce pollution?

10 Best Ways to Reduce Air PollutionUsing public transports. … Turn off the lights when not in use. … Recycle and Reuse. … No to plastic bags. … Reduction of forest fires and smoking. … Use of fans instead of Air Conditioner. … Use filters for chimneys. … Avoid usage of crackers.More items…•Sep 8, 2017

What is the main cause of water pollution?

Major sources of water pollution are discharge of domestic and agriculture wastes, population growth, excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers and urbanization. Bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases are spreading through polluted water and affecting human health.

Who is responsible for water pollution?

Oil refineries, paper factories, textile and sugar mills, chemical factories are responsible for water pollution. These industries discharge harmful chemicals into revers and streams, and pollute water.

What is affected by pollution?

As people age, their bodies are less able to compensate for the effects of environmental hazards. Air pollution can aggravate heart disease and stroke, lung diseases such as chronic bronchitis (also called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD) and asthma.

What is water pollution causes and effects?

Water pollution is a change caused in the chemical, physical or biological properties of the water that has the capacity of hurting the living organism. In simple terms, water pollution is the contamination of water bodies like lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers, groundwater, or the sea.

What are 3 effects of pollution?

10 Serious Effects of Air Pollution on the EnvironmentGlobal Warming.Climate Change.Acid Rain.Smog effect.Deterioration of fields.Extinction of animal species.Respiratory health problems.Deterioration in building materials.More items…•Apr 29, 2019

What are the 5 effects of pollution?

High levels of air pollution can cause an increased risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing, and breathing problems, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Air pollution can also cause worsening of existing heart problems, asthma, and other lung complications.

How do humans affect water pollution?

Agriculture is also the main source of pollution in rivers and streams in the U.S. One way that agriculture causes water pollution is through rainwater. When it rains, pollutants, such as fertilizers, animal waste, and pesticides get washed from farms into waterways, contaminating the water.

What are the effects of pollution on human health?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill.

What are the 10 causes of water pollution?

The Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. Industries and industrial sites across the world are a major contributor to water pollution. … Marine Dumping. The process of marine dumping is exactly what it sounds like, dumping garbage into the waters of the ocean. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Oil Leaks and Spills. … Agriculture. … Global Warming. … Radioactive Waste.Sep 9, 2019

What is the main cause of pollution?

The Short Answer: Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires.

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