Quick Answer: What Is Water Pollution Its Causes And Effects?

What is water pollution give its causes and harmful effects?

Water pollution occurs when harmful substances—often chemicals or microorganisms—contaminate a stream, river, lake, ocean, aquifer, or other body of water, degrading water quality and rendering it toxic to humans or the environment..

What are the causes and effects of pollution?

High levels of air pollution can cause an increased risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing, and breathing problems, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Air pollution can also cause worsening of existing heart problems, asthma, and other lung complications.

What are the 5 causes of water pollution?

Various Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Mining Activities. … Marine Dumping. … Accidental Oil Leakage. … The burning of fossil fuels. … Chemical fertilizers and pesticides. … Leakage From Sewer Lines.More items…

Who is responsible for water pollution?

Oil refineries, paper factories, textile and sugar mills, chemical factories are responsible for water pollution. These industries discharge harmful chemicals into revers and streams, and pollute water.

What are the two effects of water pollution?

Effects of Pollution of Water Diseases: In humans, drinking or consuming polluted water in any way has many disastrous effects on our health. It causes typhoid, cholera, hepatitis and various other diseases.

What is water pollution and its effects?

Water pollution drastically affects aquatic life. … Humans are affected by pollution and can contract diseases such as hepatitis through faecal matter in water sources. Poor drinking water treatment and unfit water can always cause an outbreak of infectious diseases such as cholera, etc.

What are the main causes of water pollution?

The Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. Industries and industrial sites across the world are a major contributor to water pollution. … Marine Dumping. The process of marine dumping is exactly what it sounds like, dumping garbage into the waters of the ocean. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Oil Leaks and Spills. … Agriculture. … Global Warming. … Radioactive Waste.Sep 9, 2019

What are the 10 effects of water pollution?

EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTIONDestruction of biodiversity. Water pollution depletes aquatic ecosystems and triggers unbridled proliferation of phytoplankton in lakes — eutrophication —.Contamination of the food chain. … Lack of potable water. … Disease. … Infant mortality.

What is the prevention of water pollution?

Don’t throw paints, oils or other forms of litter down the drain. Use environmentally household products, such as washing powder, household cleaning agents and toiletries. Take great care not to overuse pesticides and fertilisers. This will prevent runoffs of the material into nearby water sources.

What are the problems of water pollution?

Water pollution results when contaminants are introduced into the natural environment. For example, releasing inadequately treated wastewater into natural water bodies can lead to degradation of aquatic ecosystems. In turn, this can lead to public health problems for people living downstream.

What are the effects of water pollution on humans?

Contaminated water can harbor bacteria, such as those responsible for diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis A, and polio. According to the UN, every year, approximately 297,000 children under five die from diseases linked to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water.

What are the long term effects of water pollution?

If drinking water contains unsafe levels of contaminants, it can cause health effects, such as gastrointestinal illnesses, nervous system or reproductive effects, and chronic diseases such as cancer.

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